Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Lynn Betts Progressive Farmer Contributing EditorCover croppers face a chicken-egg conundrum of decisions. What seed to plant in the fall often means selecting it in the spring, long before destroying the previous year’s planting, for example.To figure out what comes first and avoid missing steps, Steve Berger, Wellman, Iowa, suggests a calendar approach to planning. With more than 15 years of cover crops and 40-plus years of no-till under his belt, Berger encourages newcomers to embrace cover crops as a yearlong proposition.Start by asking what you want to accomplish: Reduce compaction? Build soil organic matter? Get better water infiltration? Get better control of herbicide-resistant weeds? Build soil health quickly? Get more cattle grazing opportunities? The answers to those questions influence the species of cover crop or mix of crops to be planted and how they will be managed.EARLY SPRING DECISIONSSeeding may take place in late summer or fall, but the demand for quality seed requires placing orders with reputable cover seed companies in late winter to early spring. The same goes for lining up aerial applicators, custom applicators or procuring seeding equipment.Berger suggests trying cover crops on a few acres first, and expanding to more acres with experience. “Planting rye into cornstalks ahead of a soybean crop is easier to manage for a beginner. However the best use of cereal rye as a cover crop is planting into soybean stubble ahead of corn to control soil erosion,” Berger said.This is also a good time to check with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) about cost-sharing programs. Signups are often held as money becomes available. Take time to consider how you want to evaluate what cover crops do for your soil and water too. If you are going to measure changes in soil health or weed pressure, for instance, you need baselines to measure against. The same is true of the quality of water leaving your farm, through tile or in runoff.There’s a lot of information on the benefits of cover crops, but it is not from your farm. You can always make comparisons from other fields in the future, but early feedback can help you decide on changes you may want to make in the future, as well as confirm benefits you’re looking for from the system.DRILL DOWN ON FALLOver the years, Berger has tried aerial seeding and used a number of cover crops species. He’s still experimenting with multiple species mixes. He doesn’t have a specific date on his calendar for fall seeding, but he’s settled into drilling cereal rye into corn and soybean stubble. He doesn’t wait for harvest to be over either — he seeds immediately behind the combine for most of his cover crops.“Every day you have a cover crop growing is one more day it can produce benefits,” Berger said. “What we’re striving for is to have something covering the soil and growing in it all year long. Cover crops can contribute cover on 7 of the 12 months in a corn-soybean rotation.”More cover crops growth means more benefits — that’s why some experienced cover croppers use a high boy to drop seed into standing crops in September, or as early as late August. Aerial seeding is another option, depending on availability of applicators.HUSTLE AT HARVEST“Our busiest time of the year is September through December,” Berger said. “We’re harvesting corn and soybeans and planting cover crops simultaneously, to get the cover crops emerged and actively growing before winter arrives. We’ve planted cereal rye as late as mid-November, but you don’t get much beneficial growth after that.”In recent years, Berger has also started using a 2,4-D-based fall herbicide program on all corn and soybean land to control winter annuals. He also applies additional commercial potash in the fall, and spreads swine and turkey manure in November. Cover-cropped land also opens up opportunities for fall tiling — at least until the ground freezes.SPRING COMES EARLY“We try to terminate the rye in the spring one day to a week ahead of corn planting in mid-April,” Berger said. “Allelopathy is not a concern, but managing nitrogen is. We surface apply 60 to 80 pounds of liquid nitrogen with the planter using a Y-splitter that places 32% UAN behind the closing wheel, 2-inches to each side of the seed. We also apply 3 gallon of 6-24-6 pop-up fertilizer and insecticide in the furrow. Both nitrogen management and insect management are a little different with cover crops, and they’re very important to our success.”Berger is in no rush to terminate cover crops ahead of soybeans. He plants into green rye that can be waist high, and terminates that rye either just before or right after planting.Other growers use rolling and crimping in termination strategies. Many cover crop advocates also no-till or strip till or use the cover crops to help transition to no-till.**Things-to-do Cover Crop Check ListWinter:— Attend cover crops and soil health meetings.— Read up and watch videos on soil biology and carbon/nitrogen cycles.— Set long-term goals by individual fields for improvements, conservation, drainage, etc.— Decide on field(s) to seed and consider the worst erosion areas.— Line up cover crop seed, equipment, custom applicators as needed.— Make an evaluation plan.— Check into NRCS cost sharing.Spring:— Consider high-yielding early maturing corn and soybean varieties to facilitate earlier fall cover crop seeding.— Take soil tests as benchmarks for later comparisons (pH, organic matter, biology, etc.).— Decide how and when to terminate the cover crop.Summer:— Consider testing water from tile for nitrate levels for later comparisons.— Test for compaction and water infiltration rates for later comparisons.Fall:— Seed covers, into either standing corn or stubble right after harvest.— Note crop yields during harvest.Next spring:— Terminate the cover crop, plant soybeans.(PS/CZ)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. 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Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Rooney Reeves is a Technical Geek. She has expertise in cloud computing, data science, entrepreneurship and project management. Currently, she is working in web & mobile app development company – etatvasoft.com she likes to play chess and explore new places. Also, she’s a person with high spirit and fond of social activities. You can click here to know more about her company. Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Follow the Puck What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Tags:#Augmented Reality#Internet of Things#mobile apps Related Posts Rooney Reeves Used creatively in hitherto unheard of sectors, the Internet of Things (IoT) shows no sign of slowing down especially in the mobile app realm. As never before in time — it’s ubiquitous. You can explore the Android or Apple store all by yourself. Whether it’s about booking a cab or ordering some food, making a purchase — mobile apps are considered no less than a wallet.Speaking about the next big thing in town — sometimes we fail to think big enough with AI and IOT.Not thinking big enough is not due to lack of imagination; it’s because of the pure lack of observation. Determine in your life — to keep the future within sight — so that you don’t have to keep thinking upon what’s coming up next.The rare combination of the Internet of Things and Mobile Apps continues to be hot on our heels these days across the globe.IoT with Mobile App DevelopmentIoT app development is no longer a buzz-word; it means a subsequent demand for mobile apps for such type of devices seems to ride a wave day in day out. Right from energy to healthcare, retail manufacturing, agriculture — endless real-life IoT implementations can be found. In a nutshell, we all seem to be heading towards smart retail, connected cars, wearable devices, smart cities, etc.Physical devices connected to the internet and the usage of smartphones seems to gain popularity in no time. It may quite interest you to know that one can have complete control over their features that are offered by these gadgets.Here are some specific points that emphasize on why there is a need for AI and IoT.#1 Offers personalized experience to users.Have you wondered why mobile apps are found in widespread adoption? It’s because they work as dedicated digital assistants for the users. A variety of pieces of information is collected to give custom responses to the end users. This is the information that is generated during customer usage. Each usage has interactions or commands that are being used with the apps. Because of the data, the apps are becoming smarter and their responses tend to become more accurate.In fact, it can leverage real-time data and location-based services to deliver an enhanced personalized experience.#2 Reduced app development time.Right from personal and professional lives, the roots of IoT and mobile apps have given its Midas touch like never before. IoT allows developers to complete building an app in much less time, saving them significantly on the efforts involved. It may quite interest you to know that with the help of IoT several innovative and more engaging features in the app.#3 Improved efficiency.As the point says IoT in mobile app development can lead to higher efficiency and better utilization of resources. This integration will automate several processes offering a unique way to smarter homes and smarter cities. Mobile strategies powered by IoT can ensure to free up a good part of employee bandwidth. This is indeed a win-win situation where more attention be given to core tasks. For example, the remarkable results of this collaboration can be witnessed in the manufacturing and supply chain operations.#4 Modified and more efficient apps.Future of mobile apps will always be revolving around connected devices. Like it or not but in case of absence of connectivity, apps will lose the interest of users and hit a dead end. As a result, mobile app developers are striving to come up with future-proof apps. Smart devices are no longer a luxury, so think of something different to increase user adoption.#5 Strengthening data security measures.Using an app means it keeps on collecting ample of information regularly. Moreover, this is how it provides personalized responses and recommendations. At the same time, it also raises concern about user privacy and security of data. Many of you have this misconception that mobile apps pose a high likelihood of data breach. Unfortunately, attacks cannot be denied, but as a professional, you can definitely work on your defense. With the help of IoT systems, you can come up with an additional active layer of safety. In the end, data continues to stay protected- all thanks to data encryption and multiple entry points.How Are Mobile Apps Leveraging IoT?1. Wearables — Bluetooth, Wifi used to connect devices like watches, eyeglasses and even bands to your mobile phones. With IoT any form of data, starting from information to videos, audios, images can be exchanged between two devices.2. Healthcare — The urge for Home-based medical devices is on the rise. Thanks to mobile apps powered by the Internet of Things this is becoming a reality. Technically speaking, medical devices are connected to servers where professionals can receive health data from the patient via a mobile app.Further, this crucial data can be moved remotely to the relevant doctor. As a result, the need to visit the hospital for minor issues is substantially reduced. Managing chronic diseases, monitoring clinical conditions, assisted living, wellness monitoring and preventive measures are some of the common IoT solutions in healthcare.3. Retail — RFID inventory tracking chips, Wi-Fi tracking system, and digital signage are all part of the tech systems now. In simple words, these sensors receive relevant data that are then transferred to mobile apps. Businesses can proactively into the customer’s needs depending on the time and place.A Few Pointers to Take Into Account While Embracing the IoT TechnologyIoT tech is about a decade into the digital revolution; businesses are still found struggling issues related to disruptive technologies. The extreme level of connectivity of devices creates concerns regarding security and privacy. Remember to put additional security measures and maximize response time and efficiency.A few factors to consider when it comes to IoT app development and security.#1 Adhere to license agreement — Make sure that each of your equipment is original or get it conformed to different license agreement strictly. Basically, businesses have to ensure that they are duly aware of these terms and adhere to them.#2 Connectivity — Of course, you are going to connect your devices to the internet, so don’t forget to consider the mode of connectivity. Whether it’s Bluetooth or Wi-Fi, traditional mobile network, make sure it’s safe to use. You’ll want to carve out a strategy to assign permissions.#3 Hardware Capabilities — Along with software, it is also essential to consider hardware capabilities with your enterprise. Large businesses these days can easily add different hardware capabilities, but the entire process can be quite pricey and complicated.#4 Follow all the programming protocols — Having different programming protocols in place is another crucial element when connecting different devices at the same time.In the case of iOS apps, the External Accessory framework allows the communication with external hardware which is connected to any iOS-based device via Apple Lightning, wirelessly using Bluetooth or 30-pin connector.The framework supports need to figure out which kinds of app that various IoT devices can access through its connected iOS devices.It’s a Wrap.Considering all the pointers above into account, we can assume that businesses regardless of their size bound to provide innovative ideas and launch IoT mobile apps to carry out long-lasting engagement with their valuable customers.IoT is a massive change seeping into the technology world. Most industries will find valuable customer helps in wearables. High on the list is the healthcare industry’s high adoption of this technology.Businesses will need to cope with the latest trends now to gain experience so that they can move forward with all of the innovations to come.
Amid the ongoing controversy over the appointment of six Minister-rank advisers to Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, the Punjab government on Thursday decided to bring in an ordinance to exclude adviser (political and planning) from the ambit of the Punjab State Legislature (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1952.The decision was taken at a Cabinet meeting held at Dera Baba Nanak that was presided over by the Chief Minister.No disqualificationAn official statement said the ordinance will amend the law to add these posts to the list of posts that are not considered office of profit for the purpose of disqualification of MLAs. With the amendment, these MLAs will not be disqualified.The Punjab State Legislature (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1952, had been enacted in terms of Article 191 of the Constitution, to declare certain offices of profit as not disqualifying the holders of such office from being members of the State legislature.“Enacted in 1952, the Act has undergone minor amendments from time to time. However, such amendments have not taken into account the complexity of modern day governance. Further, these amendments to the said Act have not taken into account the reports and studies of various parliamentary committees which addressed the issue of office of profit. Therefore, the Cabinet felt the need to amend Section 2 of the Punjab State Legislature (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1952,” said the statement.The Cabinet also authorised the Punjab Governor to approve and recommend the draft ordinance for promulgation, said the statement.Six advisersThe Punjab government had earlier this month appointed six Minister-rank advisers to the Chief Minister. Five Congress MLAs were given the status of Cabinet Ministers while the sixth was given the rank and status of a Minister of State.