“Primitive” Humans Were Sailors

first_imgGreek archaeologists have found stone tools on Crete thought to be between 130,000 and 700,000 years old, reported PhysOrg.  If so, the makers had to sail to get there.  “Crete has been separated from the mainland for about five million years, so whoever made the tools must have traveled there by sea (a distance of at least 40 miles).”  Before this announcement, the earliest date claimed for ancestors of humans was about 60,000 years, the article said, “although considerably earlier dates have been proposed”.  Back in February, claims of the younger date (130,000 years) “flabbergasted” the discoverers (see 02/18/2010).  Even then, an archaeologist compared it to finding an iPod in King Tut’s tomb.Tut, tut.  Observers of the collapse of human paleoanthropology are not surprised by more and more anomalies.  The surprises are the new norm.  This indicates that the non-surprising interpretation is outside the evolutionary box.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Progress in Pakistan with Nigeria on the Horizon

first_imgPosted on January 1, 2011June 20, 2017By: Faisal Siraj, Young Champion of Maternal HealthClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)This blog post was contributed by Faisal Siraj, one of the fifteen Young Champions of Maternal Health chosen by Ashoka and the Maternal Health Task Force at EngenderHealth. He will be blogging about his experience every month, and you can learn more about him, the other Young Champions, and the program here.My 4th month in the Young Champions Program was very busy. The New Year celebration, my birthday, and the visa process for Nigeria made it a little hectic for me but I enjoyed it. I am planning to finally physically join my work office in Nigeria on the 1st of March and have started my visa process. I have completed the 7th chapter of safe motherhood guidelines for training traditional birth attendants and health workers. I tried to gather material for safe childcare guidelines and for that propose I met the maternal and child health coordinator of my town. This meeting was very helpful. The 7th chapter is on the first stage of labour: the condition of fetus. Description of the chapter is as follows.ObjectivesWhen you have completed this unit you should be able to:Monitor the condition of the fetus during labourRecord the findings on the partogramUnderstand the significance of the findingsUnderstand the causes and signs of fetal distressInterpret the significance of different fetal heart rate patterns and meconium stained liquorManage any abnormalities which are detectedThe next chapter, which I am currently working on, is the overall management of the first stage of labour and will be completed soon.Following is the progress of the activities planned in the first quarter of the project.Activities Planned for 1st QuarterAdvocacy meetings with stake holders – Lagos State Agency for the Control of AIDS (LSACA), Association of traditional births attendant (TBA) Primary Health Centers and community leadersTraining of volunteers (maternal health activist)Training of traditional birth attendantsActivities ImplementedAdvocacy VisitsAdvocacy meetings: this activity is implemented with the objective to increase public commitment to maternal health and awareness for HIV and TB prevention, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV, family planning and prevention of other infections.Training of Volunteers (Maternal Health Activists)Date: November 25-26, 2010Venue: WCH Conference HallTraining Goal: To provide the volunteers with reproductive health updates and enable them provide quality maternal health information, non-prescriptive contraceptives and referrals to create a synergy between primary health centers and other agencies implementing programs on maternal health.Facilitators: Eunan Enyia, Emeka Nwankwo, Lucy Attah, Dr. FaisalTopics Discussed: Introduction to maternal health; Safe motherhood; Causes of maternal mortality; Cultural causes of maternal mortality; The impact of maternal mortality in our societyTarget Location: The facilitators and participants identified and discussed about the location for the project activities which include the primary health centers, traditional birth attendants and private hospitals. There was an argument to include churches as part of project sites since it is discovered that some churches claim to have healed their HIV clients and they will restrict their clients to their own clinics without referring them to where they can obtain ARV drug or adequate information that will help them make informed decisions concerning their health, especially maternal health complications and sexually transmitted infections.Counselling and Referral Activities: In this reporting period, young women living with HIV and AIDS came to WCH to seek out information concerning their health. Some were seeking information for family planning, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and adherence information on TB/HIV drugs. They were engaged in counseling. Forty eight clients (38 women, 10 men) were counseled and appropriate referrals made to PMTCT clinics.Challenges: The major challenge was that the training of the traditional birth attendants was rescheduled to take place in January. This is to allow time for people to go on holidays during Christmas period in December.Second Quarter Activities: The following list of activities would be scheduled to take place in the next quarter (2nd quarter):Counseling and ReferralsTraining of traditional birth attendantsAwareness / sensitization in communitiesTraining of health workers (Community Health Extension Workers-CHEWS)Share this: ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read:last_img read more

10 months agoWalker-Peters, Eriksen admit Spurs ‘buzzing’ after Bournemouth rout

first_imgWalker-Peters, Eriksen admit Spurs ‘buzzing’ after Bournemouth routby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChristian Eriksen hailed the manner of Tottenham’s rout of Bournemouth yesterday.The Dane was among the goalscorers for the 5-0 win.He said, “It’s always nice to know that you will score at some point. “With the players we have, someone will score at any point, even in the first 10 minutes not playing as well as we could and still scoring and leading – that gives you the confidence and the trust in your team that you can sit back, be professional, be focused and that you will win the game.”Spurs fullback – and fellow goalscorer – Kyle Walker-Peters added: “There’s a buzz around the team at the moment, we’re winning games and everyone is confident. When I step on the pitch I have that confidence as well.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

9 months agoEx-Wolves midfielder Andrews slams Liverpool pair Sturridge, Shaqiri

first_imgEx-Wolves midfielder Andrews slams Liverpool pair Sturridge, Shaqiriby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Wolves midfielder Keith Andrews was unimpressed by Liverpool for their FA Cup defeat on Monday.Andrews pulled no punches when looking back on the match and picked out Daniel Sturridge and Xherdan Shaqiri for particular criticism.Speaking to Off The Ball, Andrews said: “A few of those Liverpool players need to have a good look in the mirror after their performances, some of them were shocking, they’re fringe players and it shows they haven’t got the strength in depth.”There’s talk of Sturridge getting a new contract, but I don’t know where that’s come from.”Shaqiri only got going when the big boys came on, he was having a sulk up. Fabinho at the back, forget about it.“I wanted to bring up that issue from that game, I wasn’t watching it in depth, it was on at home, the first half, in particular, was horrendous.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Timeline Key dates in the history of the Trans Mountain pipeline

first_imgVANCOUVER, B.C. — Here are some key dates in the history of the Trans Mountain pipeline and Kinder Morgan Canada’s efforts to expand its capacity:October 1953: The Trans Mountain pipeline begins shipping oil with an initial capacity of 150,000 barrels per day. The project features four pump stations along its 1,150-kilometre route and a marine dock that connects loading facilities on the east side of Edmonton with ocean tankers in Burnaby, B.C.1957: Pipeline capacity is expanded via the construction of a 160-kilometre pipeline loop. The Westridge Marine Terminal is built and commissioned in Burnaby, B.C. Jan. 12, 2016: Alberta Premier Rachel Notley says in a written submission to the NEB that the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion is in the best interests of both Alberta and Canada.Jan. 27, 2016: The federal Liberal government says pipeline projects such as the Trans Mountain expansion will now be assessed in part on the greenhouse gas emissions produced in the extraction and processing of the oil they carry. Proponents will also be required to improve consultations with First Nations.May 17, 2016: Ottawa appoints a three-member panel to conduct an environmental review of the Trans Mountain expansion project.May 29, 2016: The NEB recommends approval of the pipeline, subject to 157 conditions, concluding that it is in the public interest. Jan. 14, 1985: Trans Mountain’s biggest spill occurs at a tank farm in the Edmonton area. Nearly 10,000 barrels of oil are released.2006 – 2008: The Anchor Loop project adds 160 kilometres of new pipeline through Jasper National Park and Mount Robson Provincial Park between Hinton, Alta., and Hargreaves, B.C. The extension includes 13 new pump stations and modifications to existing stations, increasing capacity from 260,000 bpd to 300,000 bpd.Feb. 21, 2012: Kinder Morgan says it wants to expand the Trans Mountain pipeline after receiving support from oil shippers and will begin public consultations.Dec. 16, 2013: An application is made to the National Energy Board (NEB) to expand the Trans Mountain pipeline. Construction is proposed to begin in 2017, with the aim of having oil flow through the expansion by December 2019.November 2014: More than 100 people are arrested after they camp out in a conservation area on Burnaby Mountain, east of Vancouver, to block crews from conducting drilling and survey work related to the pipeline expansion. Most of the charges are later dropped.August 2015: The NEB postpones public hearings after striking from the record economic evidence prepared by a Kinder Morgan consultant who was to begin working for the regulator.center_img Nov. 29, 2016: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau sanctions the Trans Mountain expansion, part of a sweeping announcement that also saw approval of Enbridge’s Line 3 pipeline replacement but the end of its Northern Gateway project.Jan. 11, 2017: B.C. Premier Christy Clark announces her support for the project, saying Kinder Morgan has met five government conditions including a revenue-sharing agreement worth up to $1 billion.May 15, 2017: The Federal Court of Appeal grants Notley’s government intervener status in a lawsuit filed by municipalities and First Nations against the project.May 25, 2017: Kinder Morgan makes its final investment decision to proceed with the development, now estimated to cost $7.4 billion, subject to the successful public offering of Kinder Morgan Canada.May 29, 2017: The B.C. NDP and Greens agree to form a coalition to topple the Liberal party, which won a minority government in an election earlier in the month. The parties agree to “immediately employ every tool available” to stop the project.May 30, 2017: Kinder Morgan Canada debuts on the Toronto Stock Exchange after a $1.75-billion public offering.June 29, 2017: The B.C. Liberals lose a no-confidence vote, clearing the way for NDP Leader John Horgan to become premier.Aug. 10, 2017: The B.C. NDP government hires former judge Thomas Berger to provide legal advice as it seeks intervener status in the legal challenges against the project filed by municipalities and First Nations.Oct. 26, 2017: Kinder Morgan Canada asks NEB to allow work to begin despite a failure to obtain municipal permits from the City of Burnaby.Dec. 7, 2017: NEB allows Kinder Morgan Canada to bypass Burnaby bylaws.Jan. 17, 2018: Kinder Morgan Canada warns the Trans Mountain expansion project could be a year behind schedule.Jan. 18, 2018: NEB establishes a process to resolve permitting issues between Kinder Morgan Canada and provincial and municipal authorities.Jan. 30, 2018: B.C. government moves to restrict any increase in diluted bitumen shipments until it conducts more spill response studies, a move that increases the uncertainty for Trans Mountain.March 9, 2018: B.C. Supreme Court grants interim injunction aimed at preventing anti-pipeline activists from protesting construction at two terminals in Burnaby.March 15, 2018: B.C. Supreme Court grants indefinite injunction preventing protesters from coming within five metres of two work sites for the project.March 23, 2018: Green Party Leader Elizabeth May and New Democrat MP Kennedy Stewart arrested at a protest against the pipeline expansion; Federal Court of Appeal dismisses a B.C. government bid challenging a NEB ruling that allows Kinder Morgan Canada to bypass local bylaws.March 27, 2018: City of Burnaby, B.C., says it will file an appeal to the Supreme Court in connection with the Federal Court of Appeal ruling.April 8, 2018: Kinder Morgan Canada suspends non-essential spending on the Trans Mountain expansion project and sets a May 31 deadline to reach agreements with stakeholders.last_img read more

Cong free to field its candidates in all LS seats of UP: Mayawati

first_imgLucknow: BSP chief Mayawati Monday advised the Congress to refrain from spreading confusion by leaving seven Lok Sabha seats for the SP-BSP-RLD alliance in Uttar Pradesh. In a series of tweets, she said the Congress is free to field its candidates in all the 80 parliamentary constituencies of the state. Mayawati made it amply clear that her party will not enter into any alliance with the Congress. She also said that the SP-BSP-RLD alliance is capable enough of defeating the BJP on its own. Also Read – MP woman hangs herself after killing three children The Congress on Sunday said it would leave more than a dozen Lok Sabha seats for other parties, including seven for the SP, BSP and RLD alliance in the politically crucial Uttar Pradesh. Apart from this, the grand old party also said that it will leave two seats for the Apna Dal, and entered into an electoral agreement with the lesser known Jan Adhikar Party. The SP and the BSP had forged an alliance on 80 Lok Sabha seats in the state. As per the deal, the SP will contest 37 Lok Sabha seats in UP and the BSP 38, leaving three for the Ajit Singh-led Rashtriya Lok Dal and two for Sonia Gandhi (Rae Bareli) and Rahul Gandhi (Amethi).last_img read more

President, Vice President, PM extend Holi greetings

first_imgNew Delhi: President Ram Nath Kovind, Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Congress President Rahul Gandhi on Thursday greeted the nation on the occasion of Holi.”Greetings and best wishes to fellow citizens in India and abroad on the auspicious occasion of Holi,” tweeted Kovind, who had also released a statement on Wednesday.”The festival of colours, Holi is a celebration of spring and fraternity in our society. May it bring peace, joy and prosperity to everyone’s lives,” Kovind said. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c detailsNaidu tweeted that Holi was a celebration of the victory of good over evil and a festival that expresses joy, camaraderie and conviviality.Modi also extended greetings to the nation on the occasion of Holi and said that the festival of joy and gaiety would strengthen the colour of unity and goodwill.Extending wishes, Rahul Gandhi said: “Wishing you and your family a very Happy Holi. I pray to God that this festival brings colours to your life.”last_img read more

We have brought peace in Jungalmahal : Mamata

first_imgKotshila/Hura (Purulia): West Bengal chief minister and TMC supremo Mamata Banerjee Wednesday said that her government has been able to usher in peace in tribal Jungalmahal area. The people of Jungalmahal, the forested tribal area of the state, were afraid of both CPI(M) and the naxals during the Left Front rule, she said. But the scenario has changed in the area, which comrpise Jhargram, West Midnapore, Bankura and Purulia districts, Banerjee said at an election rally at Kotshila in Purulia district. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari Puja “We have been able to establish peace in Purulia and Junglemahal area and many developmental works have been undertaken – mainly water-related projects,” she said. Criticising Prime Minister Narendra Modi, she said he has done nothing in the last five years. “Do not vote for BJP. They will do nothing and only dish out lies and make people fight against each other”, the fiesty TMC leader said. Banerjee, who had spearheaded the anti-land acquisition movements at Singur and Nandigram, said that her government would protect the rights of adivasis including their claim over land. At another rally at Hura in the same district, she said the government is planning an airport at Charra to connect the district with Kolkata and other places. She urged the electorate to help TMC wrest all the 42 seats in the state.last_img read more

How Randall Cunningham Taught NFL Quarterbacks To Fly

4Michael Vick2002679218330 27Greg Landry1971861113200 9Steve Young19921,737142263 20Kordell Stewart2001610132217 5Michael Vick2010860202327 23Colin Kaepernick2013803125216 Embed Code 10Greg Landry1972547167256 26Donovan McNabb2000232178201 In the latest installment in our documentary podcast series Ahead Of Their Time, we examine how Cunningham frustrated defenses not only with his speed and agility but also with his ability to throw the ball. It was a combination of skills that no quarterback had ever really possessed before, and it helped Cunningham transform the way people thought about the game’s most glamorous position. 3Russell Wilson2014659225335 2Robert Griffin III2012847218347 8Cam Newton2015633169266 28Russell Wilson2012952111199 Scan a list of the NFL’s best quarterbacks nowadays, and you’ll find names such as Russell Wilson, Cam Newton, Tyrod Taylor and even that of rookie sensation Dak Prescott — dynamic passers who can run the ball, too. The question of whether a team can succeed with that kind of dual threat under center has basically been settled in today’s game; such a QB has led his team to the Super Bowl in each of the past four seasons.1Colin Kaepernick did it in 2012; ditto Wilson in 2013 and 2014, and Newton in 2015. And no five-year period in modern NFL history2Going back to the start of the Super Bowl in the 1966 season. has seen quarterbacks gain more rushing yards per game than they have over the past five seasons. The golden age for mobile passers is right now.In the not-too-distant past, a quarterback was supposed to stay in the pocket, survey the field and make the throw — not take off and run. Not only was rushing mostly absent from the job description, it was often seen as a bad habit that needed to be discouraged. But Randall Cunningham helped change all that when he took the NFL by storm in the mid-1980s. 17Steve Grogan1978484146224 16Michael Vick2011593140226 Source: Pro-Football-Reference.com 12Daunte Culpepper20001,558129239 Greatest dual-threat QB seasons, 1966-2016 13Kordell Stewart1997422159231 14Rich Gannon2000947129227 1Randall Cunningham1990750249374 6Cam Newton2011512224311 7Cam Newton2012608195295 18Steve McNair1998450149224 25Donovan McNabb2002419141211 YARDS ABOVE BACKUP 21Randall Cunningham1992445144217 22Tyrod Taylor2015682129217 More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS | Embed By Neil Paine After flashing abilities as a passer, runner and punter at UNLV, Cunningham was selected in the second round of the 1985 NFL draft by the Philadelphia Eagles. And almost immediately, his unique skill set grabbed his teammates’ attention.“You knew there was something special about Randall,” former Eagles defensive back Eric Allen said. “[He was] extremely athletic, played with a great sense of self, understood that he was good, understood that he could do a lot of things that other quarterbacks in the game could not do, and he had a great deal of confidence.”Despite his talent, Cunningham sat behind Ron Jaworski, a more traditional dropback passer, for most of his first two NFL seasons. But he became Philly’s starter after Jaworski was hurt late in the 1986 season — and the Eagles’ iconoclastic coach, Buddy Ryan, soon let Cunningham loose as the game’s first true dual-threat QB.“Buddy Ryan allowed me to be the player he believed I could be,” Cunningham told me. “He saw something in me and gave me an opportunity to flourish as an athlete, and not just a quarterback, but to really take it to a whole other level.”Cunningham wasn’t the first mobile QB in NFL history. Before 1986, six quarterbacks had put up 500 or more rushing yards in a season; in 1972 alone, two of them — Bobby Douglass of the Chicago Bears and Greg Landry of the Detroit Lions — combined for a whopping 1,492 rushing yards and 17 rushing touchdowns. Those were the two best pre-Randall QB rushing seasons according to my yards above backup QB (YABQ) metric, which assigns a value to a quarterback’s passing and rushing statistics in a way similar to Football Outsiders’ yards above replacement (and can also be calculated throughout history).3Specifically, YABQ converts Chase Stuart’s calculations for a QB’s passing and rushing value above average into a measurement of total value that uses as its baseline a backup-level quarterback, a la Football Outsiders’ YAR metric. But Landry’s days as a scrambler were limited — he only had a couple more 200-yard rushing seasons in his 15-year NFL career — and Douglass, as great as he was running the ball, couldn’t throw.4Douglass generated fewer passing yards that season than a backup-level QB would have in the same number of attempts. There was the occasional outlier, like Minnesota’s Fran Tarkenton, who was a strong passer and able scrambler, but before Cunningham, those players were seen as unicorns more than archetypes.Cunningham ushered in the age of the running QB. In 1987, his first full season as Philadelphia’s starter, he passed for 349 more adjusted net yards than a backup-level QB (16th best in the NFL that year) and rushed for an additional 125 yards above backup (which easily led the league). It was the third time in history a quarterback had hit both of those benchmarks in the same season, after Landry in 1972 and Steve Grogan with the New England Patriots in 1978.5Along with Landry and Douglass, Grogan was another of the few pre-Cunningham QBs who could run; in 1976, he scored 12 touchdowns on the ground, a record for QBs until Cam Newton scored 14 in 2011. And Cunningham was just getting warmed up.In 1988, he piled up 336 YABQ through the air and 171 on the ground, the first time in league history that combination had ever been achieved. In a “down” 1989 season, he notched 248/147, a combo that had only been reached twice before (by Landry in ’72 and Cunningham himself in 1988). And in 1990, Cunningham set a standard for dual-threat seasons that has yet to be eclipsed in the 26 years since. That year, he was 750 yards better than a backup through the air, and he tacked on another 249 YABQ on the ground; if we take the harmonic mean of those two numbers (a particular kind of average that emphasizes high values in all numbers being averaged, in order to capture seasons when a player produced a lot of passing and rushing value), it’s the single best combined passing-rushing season by a QB in the Super Bowl era: PLAYERYEARPASSINGRUSHINGHARMONIC MEAN 19Daunte Culpepper2002288181222 11Steve Young19981,474133244 29Steve Young19911,030110199 30Steve McNair20011,102109198 24Cam Newton2013423143213 15Randall Cunningham1988336171226 There have been better pure passing seasons by mobile QBs; Steve Young had more than a few of them. As Cunningham told me, “People cannot forget about Steve Young, because [he] and I were battling out every single year to be the No. 1 rushing quarterback.” There have also been better QB rushing seasons; in 2006, Michael Vick became the first quarterback to break the 1,000-yard barrier in a season, though his passing was below the backup level that year. But nobody combined the two aspects of quarterbacking in a more prolific way than Cunningham did during that magical 1990 season, one which earned him league MVP honors from the Pro Football Writers of America.Alas, Cunningham would injure his knee in the Eagles’ 1991 opener, and miss the entire season. He returned in 1992 to produce what was, at the time, the sixth-best dual-threat season in modern history (according to my method above),6It ranks 21st now. but ongoing battles with injury and inconsistent play eventually paved Cunningham’s way out of Philly in 1995. After a year away from football entirely,7He spent the season running a granite company. a rejuvenated Cunningham joined the Minnesota Vikings and, in 1998, he enjoyed the 25th-best passing season of the Super Bowl era, according to YABQ — a testament to his skills as a pocket passer after his athleticism had eroded with age and wear.Cunningham finished his 16-year NFL career with the 40th-most total YABQ of any quarterback since 1966 and the second-most rushing YABQ — trailing only Vick. (He also generated about twice as much value through the air as Vick did.) But Cunningham’s biggest football legacy might be in the number of dual-threat QBs that followed in his footsteps. Before Cunningham’s 1987 season, only four quarterbacks had produced at least 200 passing and 100 rushing YABQ in the same season: Tarkenton, Landry (twice), Grogan and Doug Williams. Afterwards, 16 different quarterbacks pulled off the feat in 36 seasons, not including Cunningham himself. And 21 of the 25 best dual-threat seasons in modern history have taken place since Cunningham’s banner 1990 campaign.There are still quarterbacks in today’s NFL who play like the traditional archetype of the drop-back passer. But there are also a number of top QBs whose playing styles resemble that of Randall Cunningham. By proving that a quarterback could dominate the game with both his arm and his legs, Cunningham opened up a new path to success for subsequent generations of signal callers. So anytime a passer rolls out and fires a dart to a receiver who broke free because the defense was worried about the QB running, remember that in some small way, that play was made possible by the influence of a Philadelphia Eagle who changed the game three decades ago.This is part of our new podcast series “Ahead Of Their Time,” profiling players and managers in various sports who were underappreciated in their era. read more